Open-minded and cosmopolitan yet deeply traditional, Western yet Oriental, modern yet marked by an ancient past, home to snow-capped mountains and sandy beaches, Lebanon packs endless diversity into its small territory. The many powerful civilisations that have thrived in this fertile country are reflected in Byblos, where ruins dating back to Neolithic times are piled one upon the other like an archaeological layer cake; in Baalbek, were the colossal columns of the temple to Heliopolitan Jupiter reflect the assimilation of a more ancient culture’s gods to the Roman religion; or in the 8th century Umayyad ruins of Anjar. Visit Tyre, capital from which the Phoenicians ruled the seas, or the very different capital of Beirut: modern, bustling, culturally and artistically dynamic. Lebanon’s gentle climate promises lovely weather year-round, perfect for discovering the country’s varying scenery. Climb into the mountains to enjoy luxurious ski resorts, scuba dive among Phoenician ruins along the 225-kilometre coast, or take a hike through the Cedar Reserves, remnants of the once-vast forests used to make Greek and Roman ships. Recent wars and chaotic urbanisation have kept many tourists away from this charming destination which is only now coming back into fashion. We offer a selection of the most exclusive ways to appreciate its rich historic and geographical heritage.